While there is a whole load of good bacteria in the dental cavity, some contribute to teeth decay, cavities, and periodontal gum diseases. Usually, this happens when bacteria in the mouth damage the enamel causing tiny gaps or openings.
CAUSES OF CAVITIES
A Tooth cavity happens over a considerable time. The process starts when one eats sugary and starchy food and fails to floss or brush well. Since oral bacteria thrives in such an environment, overproduction leads to a sticky coat on the teeth known as plaque. After some time, the plaque hardens around the gums into tartar or calculus. The primary purpose of tartar development is to act as a shield for the bacteria. Hence, it becomes complicated to remove the plaque from the teeth.
The bacteria in the plaque take out the minerals around the enamel, causing tiny erosion. In the cavity phase, the bacteria enter the dentin through the small openings. Compared to enamel, dentin is much softer and less defiant to acidity. As the cavity progresses, the bacteria move to the tooth pulp, containing blood vessels and nerves. Here, exposure to bacteria irritates the pulp, making it swell. The expansion touches the nerve endings, leading to discomfort or extreme toothache. In severe cases, the soreness extends to the tooth root.
COMMON CAVITY SYMPTOMS
Depending on the magnitude and location of the cavity, the symptoms differ. In the initial stages, you may not notice any signs on your teeth. However, as the decay deteriorates, one may experience spontaneous pain when chewing. Subsequently, brownish, white, or black stains can appear on the tooth surface. Another warning sign is teeth sensitivity, especially when exposed to hot, cold, or sweet food. Although some cavities develop without portraying any signs, regular dental checkups help to detect them before they escalate. Contact our office for an entire oral assessment and tips on how to avoid cavities.